Citicoline Sodium, also known as cytidine diphosphate-choline (CDP-choline) or cytidine 5′-diphosphocholine, is a compound that plays a crucial role in cell membrane synthesis and repair. It is commonly used as a dietary supplement and medication to support cognitive function and improve memory.
- The chemical structure of Citicoline Sodium is as follows:
- The compound consists of three main parts:
1.Choline: The central part of the molecule contains a choline moiety, which is an essential nutrient and precursor for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.
2.Cytidine: On the left side of the molecule, there is a cytidine group, which is a nucleoside formed by cytosine and a ribose sugar.
3.Diphosphate: On the right side of the molecule, there is a diphosphate group (two phosphate groups), which is responsible for the “diphosphocholine” part of the compound’s name.
Citicoline Sodium is a hygroscopic, white, crystalline powder with high water solubility. Its physical properties may include:
1.Molecular Weight: The molecular weight of citicoline sodium is approximately 510.30 g/mol.
2.Melting Point: The melting point of citicoline sodium typically ranges from 270°C to 276°C.
3.Solubility: Citicoline Sodium is highly soluble in water.
4.Stability: The compound is stable under normal conditions, but it may degrade over time if exposed to certain environmental factors.
Citicoline Sodium is used for various medical purposes, including the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s disease and stroke. It is believed to enhance brain function, support the formation of cell membranes, and improve neurotransmitter levels, particularly acetylcholine. Additionally, citicoline sodium has been studied for its potential benefits in treating glaucoma and traumatic brain injury.
Please note that the information provided here is based on the knowledge available up to September 2021. For the latest and most accurate information, it’s essential to consult up-to-date sources and medical professionals.