Neotame is a high-intensity artificial sweetener that is chemically related to aspartame. It is a no-calorie sweetener, meaning it provides sweetness without adding significant calories to the diet. The basic ingredients of Neotame include:
Chemical Structure: Neotame is derived from the dipeptide aspartame, which consists of two amino acids, aspartic acid, and phenylalanine. Neotame is modified to enhance its sweetness and stability.
3,3-Dimethylbutyl Ester: Neotame contains a 3,3-dimethylbutyl ester group, which is responsible for its increased sweetness compared to aspartame. This modification makes Neotame about 7,000 to 13,000 times sweeter than sucrose (table sugar).
Aspartic Acid: Neotame contains aspartic acid, one of the naturally occurring amino acids.
Phenylalanine: Phenylalanine is another naturally occurring amino acid that is present in Neotame.
Methanol: Like aspartame, Neotame breaks down in the body to release small amounts of methanol. However, the amount of methanol released is very low and similar to that found in natural foods.
The application of Neotame
Neotame is a high-intensity artificial sweetener that is used as a sugar substitute. It is a derivative of aspartame but is significantly sweeter, requiring smaller amounts to achieve the same level of sweetness. Here are some common applications of neotame:
1.Food and Beverage Industry:
Sugar-Free Products: Neotame is often used in the production of sugar-free and low-calorie food and beverage products, including soft drinks, desserts, candies, and snacks.
Baked Goods: It can be used in the formulation of sugar-free or reduced-sugar baked goods, such as cookies, cakes, and pastries.
Neotame is used in tabletop sweeteners, either on its own or in combination with other sweeteners, to provide a sugar-free option for consumers.
Neotame is used in certain pharmaceutical products, particularly in the formulation of liquid medications, chewable tablets, or other dosage forms that require sweetness without added calories.
It may be used in the production of sugar-free or reduced-sugar dairy products like yogurts, ice creams, and milk-based beverages.
5.Condiments and Sauces:
Neotame can be incorporated into the formulation of condiments and sauces, providing sweetness without the calories associated with traditional sugar.
Neotame is used in various processed foods where sugar reduction or calorie reduction is desired without compromising taste.
Neotame is sometimes used as a palatability enhancer in animal feed to encourage consumption, particularly in the feed for livestock.
Neotame is suitable for people following certain specialized diets, such as those with diabetes or those on low-calorie or low-sugar diets.
It’s important to note that while neotame is approved for use in many countries, regulations and approvals can vary. Additionally, individuals with phenylketonuria (PKU), a rare genetic disorder, should avoid neotame, as it contains phenylalanine, a compound they need to limit in their diet. Always check product labels and consult with healthcare professionals if there are concerns about the use of neotame or any other sweeteners.