Neotame is an artificial sweetener that was developed as a derivative of aspartame, which is a low-calorie sweetener commonly used in a variety of food and beverage products. Neotame was created to address some of the limitations of aspartame, particularly its stability under high temperatures and at a wide range of pH levels.
Here’s an overview of the origin and nature of Neotame:
Neotame is chemically related to aspartame. It is derived from the dipeptide composed of the amino acids aspartic acid and phenylalanine, similar to aspartame.
2.Modification for Stability:
Neotame was created by modifying the aspartame molecule to enhance its stability. The modifications were intended to make the sweetener more resistant to heat, allowing it to be used in a broader range of food processing applications.
Neotame is approximately 7,000 to 13,000 times sweeter than sucrose (table sugar). This high level of sweetness allows for the use of very small amounts to achieve the desired level of sweetness in food and beverages, contributing minimal calories.
Neotame is heat-stable, making it suitable for use in baked goods and other products that undergo high-temperature processing. It also remains stable across a wide range of pH levels.
Like aspartame, neotame is low in calories. The body metabolizes it into components such as aspartic acid and methanol, which are found in larger quantities in common foods.
Neotame contains phenylalanine, an amino acid. Individuals with phenylketonuria (PKU), a rare genetic disorder, need to monitor their intake of phenylalanine, as they cannot metabolize it effectively.
Approval and Regulation:
Neotame received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2002. The approval includes its use as a general-purpose sweetener in a variety of food and beverage products.
Neotame is approved for use in many countries around the world, and its acceptance has grown in the food industry as a sweetening agent.
In summary, Neotame is an artificial sweetener developed to address the limitations of aspartame, providing enhanced stability under different conditions. It has been approved for use in various food and beverage products, offering a low-calorie alternative for those looking to reduce their sugar intake.