Finasteride, also known as Propecia, is a medication primarily used for the treatment of enlarged prostate or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Finasteride Mechanism of Action
Finasteride belongs to a class of medications known as 5-alpha reductase inhibitors. It works by inhibiting the conversion of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the body, thereby reducing the levels of DHT in the prostate. As a result, it can decrease the size of the prostate gland, improve uncomfortable symptoms of the lower urinary tract, and improve overall prostate health. Furthermore, Finasteride has demonstrated efficacy in preventing hair loss. This is because individuals experiencing hair loss often have elevated levels of 5-alpha reductase. By containing a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor, Finasteride can prevent the shrinkage of hair follicles in the areas affected by hair loss, thereby improving the condition.
Contraindications of Finasteride
It is critical to note that Finasteride is contraindicated in children and women. Children and women who consume Finasteride could experience an abnormal increase in androgen levels, leading to hormonal disorders and other endocrine system diseases. Furthermore, patients with liver dysfunction should exercise caution while using Finasteride. Since Finasteride needs to be metabolized by the liver, it can significantly impact liver function. Also, patients with urethral stricture and prostate cancer should use Finasteride judiciously to avoid exacerbating their conditions.
Appropriate Use of Finasteride
Finasteride is suitable for male patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Before starting treatment with Finasteride, patients should complete the necessary examinations and confirm the diagnosis. They should use the medication scientifically under the guidance of a doctor to ensure safe and effective treatment.