What is Thaumatin?
Thaumatin is a low-calorie sweetener and flavor modifier. The protein is often used primarily for its flavor-modifying properties and not exclusively as a sweetener, it is mainly used as a flavor enhancer rather than a sweetener and it does not contribute to major calories in the diet.
Thaumatin alias: African arrowroot sweetener, is a super-sweet substance extracted from the nut skin of the natural plant Thaurnatocuccus Danielle, which is a natural protein. The fruit is red/orange in color and contains 1-3 black seeds surrounded by a gelatinous substance. The aril, the membrane sac, is the substance that contains thaumatin. Some proteins in the thaumatin family of sweeteners are roughly 2000 times more potent than sugar. Although very sweet, thaumatin’s taste is markedly different from sugar’s. The sweetness of thaumatin builds very slowly. Perception lasts a long time, leaving a licorice-like aftertaste at high usage levels.
What are the Main Ingredients of Thaumatin?
There are two main components, Thomasine I is a compound with 207 amino acids combined in a straight chain, with a molecular weight of 22204; Non-caloric sweetener, and flavoring. It is suitable to be used in coffee, chocolate, beverages, desserts, bakery products, etc. in combination with sugars such as sucrose. It has an enhancing effect on fragrance, and it has an obvious synergistic effect when combined with fragrance and so on.
What are the Characters of Thaumatin?
Thaumatin is highly water soluble, stable to heating, and stable under acidic conditions.
- White to cream-colored amorphous powder
- Odorless. Sweet taste, no smell, long time.
- Extremely sweet, its sweetness as sucrose 1600 times the average, depending on the concentration of dilution: 0.00011 5500 ~ 8000-fold when: 0.001 to 3,500 times, 0.01 times for 1300, 0.02 to 850 times.
- The aqueous solution at pH 1.8 to 10 stable pH of the isoelectric point of about 11 is due to protein denaturation and loss of heat can occur, sweetness, tannin combined event will lose sweetness.
- The high concentration of the salt solution will reduce the sweetness.
- Easily soluble in water. Carbohydrate sweeteners share a synergistic effect and improve the flavor effect.
Use Limit (FEMA; 1998; mg/kg):
- Bakery products, egg products, fish products, sauces, instant coffee and tea, meat products, nut products, other grains, processed vegetables, poultry products, snack foods, noodle soups, 0.5~2;
- Non-alcoholic beverages 0.2~5;
- Alcoholic beverages, milk replacers, 1~10;
- breakfast cereals 1~2 ;
- Cheese, hard candy, 5~10;
- Gum 300;
- Condiments 5~30;
- Frosting, gelatin, pudding, jam, jelly, fudge, sweet sauce, 2~10;
- Cold drinks, dairy products, processed fruits, 1~5;
- Fruit ice products 0.5~3.0;
- Seasoning 0.5~1.0.
Considering its protein properties, Thaumatin is very stable. It has been successfully used in pet food canning and is stable at temperatures up to 120ºC, as well as drying at 140ºC.
Thaumatin is stable under pasteurization and UHT conditions. Its physical and chemical stability can be further improved by reformulation with protective compounds. Its stability in acidic conditions (below pH 2) is a useful property – a result of its molecular structure.
Is Thaumatin Safe?
Human consumption of thaumatin has been shown to have no side effects. It has actually been used for centuries by locals in this geographic area to sweeten food. In small amounts, the body is able to metabolize it like any other protein.
There are no known issues with Thaumatin. The amount ingested is so small that the body is able to metabolize it like any other protein.
Thaumatin is GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) certified in the US and is a European-certified sweetener.
Is Thaumatin Good for Me?
Thaumatin has been used for centuries and is considered a safe ingredient that has been previously tested for safety in humans and animals. Since it is a protein, it is metabolized in the body the same way as any other protein, unlike many other sweeteners. Studies have shown that it does not affect blood sugar levels like other sweeteners, nor does it affect weight. It is for this reason that it is beneficial for people with diabetes or those monitoring blood sugar levels. Sugar, on the other hand, can add more calories to the diet and provide few nutrients other than energy.
What Does Thaumatin Taste Like?
Thaumatin is a sweet protein that is approximately 2,000 times stronger than sucrose. However, its sweetness is perceived more slowly, lasts longer than sucrose, and has a licorice-like aftertaste. It has to be mixed with other sweeteners or sucrose to achieve the desired taste.
Thaumatin belongs to the category of food additives, if you want to know more about food additives, you can click on the previous article on the website, which has a detailed description of food additives.
What are the recommendations for use of Thaumatin?
Studies have shown that thaumatin is more effective when used in combination with other sweeteners. It has a synergistic effect with saccharin, AK sugar and stevioside, but the synergistic effect with cyclamate and aspartame is not obvious. Somma sweet also has flavor-enhancing properties that make flavors and fragrances softer and more enticing, longer lasting, and more intense. Soma sweet in some countries can be used in beverages, ice cream and frozen dairy products, chewing gum, etc. Studies have shown that thaumatin is more effective when used in combination with other sweeteners. It has a synergistic effect with saccharin, AK sugar and stevioside, but the synergistic effect with cyclamate and aspartame is not obvious. Somma sweet also has flavor-enhancing properties that make flavors and fragrances softer and more enticing, longer lasting, and more intense. Soma sweet in some countries can be used in beverages, ice cream and frozen dairy products, chewing gum, etc.
The increasing demand for low-calorie desserts and beverages and dairy foods, as well as the continued research on the availability of Thaumatin in other products such as toothpaste and oral care products, is constrained by the fact that Thaumatin is only grown intensively in Africa, while global food regulations continue to lack consistency, with Thaumatin being classified as a sweetener by regulatory agencies in Europe and the Asia Pacific, while the FDA only specifies It is used as a flavor enhancer only by the FDA. The increasing use of Comatose in food and beverages, pharmaceutical products, oral care, cosmetic additives, and other industries is driving the growth of the global Somatose market.
Global Thaumatin Market Classification.
On the basis of application, the global Thaumatin market is segmented into, and
- Flavoring agents
On the basis of the end-use industry, the global Thaumatin market is segmented into.
- Food & Beverages
- Personal Care
The flavoring agents segment held the highest share in the global thaumatin market in 2016 owing to its excellent flavor modification properties. The segment is expected to witness significant growth during the forecast period owing to the increasing acceptance of somatotropic as a sweetener in the Asia Pacific and Europe.
The food & beverages segment dominated the global kiwi sweetening protein market in 2016, followed by the pharmaceuticals segment. Thaumatin is expected to maintain its dominance during the forecast period owing to its increasing use in flavored foods such as bread and palm wine. The pharmaceuticals and cosmetics segment is expected to achieve a high growth rate in the global thaumatin market during the forecast period (2018-2025) due to increasing use as an emulsifier in formulations.
Global Thaumatin Market Outlook.
North America held the highest share of the global Thaumatin market in 2016 owing to the growing demand for naturally flavored foods and beverages. In the U.S., the wide acceptance of Thaumatin as a natural flavoring for coffee beverages, refreshing beverages, yogurt, and chewable tablets-chewing gum, jams, and jellies is expected to drive market growth.
Europe holds the second-largest share of the global Thaumatin market due to the wide acceptance of Thaumatin as a sweetener in the European Union. Favorable regulations and increased consumer awareness regarding the ingredients used in food processing are expected to drive market demand. In addition to this, technological advancements are one of the key factors contributing to market growth. For instance, Unilever is developing low-cost Thaumatin by inserting the gene that produces Thaumatin into a bacterial process.
Africa is a well-established market for Thaumatin as Thaumatin fruits are widely harvested in the West African region and are mainly used to sweeten food products. Some of the major markets in the region are Ghana and Nigeria.
● North America (the United States, Canada and Mexico)
● Europe (Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia and Turkey, etc.)
● Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam)
● South America (Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, etc.)
● The Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)
“The article is partly extracted from authoritative websites, if you want to get authoritative information on related products, please contact us by email.”
How to buy thaumatin?
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